By Marielle Debos
Combining ethnographic statement with in-depth theoretical research, Living via the Gun in Chad is an important contribution to our figuring out of the intersections of battle and peace that still serves because the definitive consultant to the present scenario in Chad.
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Drawing on greater than ten years of fieldwork performed in Chad, Marielle Debos explores the recourse to palms in a society within which dwelling by way of the gun has develop into either an appropriate kind of political expression and a daily profession. Debos indicates that opposite to the preferred organization of the opponents with violence and chaos, those combatants truly proceed to watch ideas, casual borders, and hierarchies, whilst their allegiances shift among insurgent and executive forces and the struggling with drifts from Chad, Libya, and Sudan to the vital African Republic.
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Additional info for Living by the Gun in Chad: Combatants, Impunity and State Formation
Déby has worked to project an image of Chad as a regional powerbroker and valuable player in the fight against jihadist armed groups throughout West and Central Africa. In January 2013, the Chadian army moved decisively to support France’s military intervention in Mali. The arrest and intimidation of opponents who were wrongly accused of a coup in May 2013 aroused only very measured reactions on the part of Western countries. Two months later, a detachment of the Chadian army was invited to take part in the Bastille Day military parade in Paris.
The long-term persistence of conflicts does not imply that they are engendered in some automatic and inevitable fashion. There is no repetition, no mechanical reproduction of past practices. The history of armed violence is complex, uneven, full of peaks and troughs.
Politico-military leaders who need support and material sponsorship to wage war tap into regional and global resources. Despite the changing identities of protagonists and their allies, the interference of regional36 and global actors forms a structural pattern of conflicts in Chad. Over the last fifty years, the main actors were France37 and Libya, and to a lesser extent the US and Sudan. France has used Chad as a training ground for its own military for decades. The US offered strong support to Chad under Habré.
Living by the Gun in Chad: Combatants, Impunity and State Formation by Marielle Debos