By David T. Courtwright
In a newly enlarged variation of this eye-opening booklet, David T. Courtwright bargains an unique interpretation of a confusing bankruptcy in American social and scientific historical past: the dramatic switch within the development of opiate addiction--from decent upper-class matrons to lower-class city men, usually with a felony checklist. demanding the present view that the shift resulted from harsh new legislation, Courtwright indicates that the the most important position used to be performed by means of the scientific instead of the felony profession.
Dark Paradise tells the tale not just from the viewpoint of criminal and clinical assets, but in addition from the viewpoint of addicts themselves. With the addition of a brand new creation and new chapters on heroin dependancy and remedy when you consider that 1940, Courtwright has up to date this compelling paintings of social heritage for the current main issue of the Drug warfare.
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In a newly enlarged variation of this eye-opening publication, David T. Courtwright deals an unique interpretation of a complicated bankruptcy in American social and scientific heritage: the dramatic swap within the development of opiate addiction--from decent upper-class matrons to lower-class city men, usually with a legal list.
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Extra info for Dark Paradise: A History of Opiate Addiction in America (Enlarged Edition)
Their American connection was a Dr. George Van Der Schulenberg, who in the guise of a wholesale druggist sold the drugs to pharmaceutical ﬁrms. Schulenberg’s suicide on December 29, 1908, abruptly terminated this arrangement. His replacement, Alfred E. Willembricher, sold the codeine to wholesale candy makers, who used it in the manufacture of cough drops. Willembricher proved less discreet than his predecessor, however, and in February 1909 customs agents exposed the ring. Subsequent investigation revealed that the stewards had purchased the codeine for 440 marks per kilo—roughly a dollar an ounce.
Opium and morphine addicts, in short, seem to have been well distributed with respect to urban and rural areas. “While all classes of people are to be found in the ranks of morphine addiction,” wrote addiction specialist Charles B. 34 Evidence of a statistical nature is scant, but what there is generally supports Pearson’s view. In 1889 Dr. Benjamin H. Hartwell asked Massachusetts pharmacists and physicians which classes of people in their communities used opium or its preparations. The 446 pharmacists answered as follows: 22 percent, all classes; 22 percent, middle classes; 7 percent, upper classes; 7 percent, lower classes; 11 percent, “do not know of any who use opium”; and 31 percent, “do 40 Dark Paradise not know” or some other answer.
S. 12 Their ﬁndings are displayed in Table 2. “In compiling the . . ﬁgures from the reports,” they remarked, “the highest number of addicts recorded at any one time or in a certain year are given . . 99 per thousand. Applying this ﬁgure to the country as a whole, there would have been 104,933 addicts in 1920. 55 addicts per thousand was more than nine times as great as the average for all 34 cities. Kolb and DuMez attributed this to the relative longevity of Willis Butler’s clinic, which was not closed until 1923.
Dark Paradise: A History of Opiate Addiction in America (Enlarged Edition) by David T. Courtwright