By Adeed Dawisha
Like an outstanding dynasty that falls to wreck and is finally remembered extra for its faults than its feats, Arab nationalism is remembered normally for its humiliating rout within the 1967 Six Day warfare, for inter-Arab divisions, and for phrases and activities special through their meagerness. yet humans are inclined to fail to remember the majesty that Arab nationalism as soon as was once. during this elegantly narrated and richly documented publication, Adeed Dawisha brings this majesty to existence via a sweeping ancient account of its dramatic upward thrust and fall.
Dawisha argues that Arab nationalism--which, he says, used to be encouraged through nineteenth-century German Romantic nationalism--really took root after global warfare I and never within the 19th century, as many think, and that it blossomed simply within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties below the charismatic management of Egypt's Gamal 'Abd al-Nasir. He lines the ideology's passage from the cave in of the Ottoman Empire via its effective ascendancy within the past due Fifties with the harmony of Egypt and Syria and with the nationalist revolution of Iraq, to the mortal blow it
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Additional resources for Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair
271. 24 CHAPTER TWO argues that the centralizing efforts of the reformist Ottoman sultans of the nineteenth century increasingly encroached upon “all the elements of power hitherto diffused among a crowd of landed families, tribal shaykhs, and privileged corporate orders. . 34 Thus, the shift in religious authority from the Turks to the Arabs was proposed for the sole purpose of Islamic regeneration, and the Arabian khalifa was projected to be not a revolutionary nationalist, but a symbol of Islamic unity.
The Ottomans had suffered major military setbacks in 1917, opening the way for British forces under the command of General Allenby to move into Palestine from Egypt, capturing Jerusalem in December of that year. Arab forces led by Emir Faysal, Sharif Husayn’s son, paralleled Allenby’s effort. Encouraged by British Liaison ofﬁcers, particularly Captain T. E. Lawrence, Faysal’s tribal forces moved from al-Hejaz to capture Aqaba, then continued northward along Allenby’s right ﬂank. Focusing primarily on disrupting Ottoman communications and supply lines, Faysal was able to lead his troops into Damascus on October 1, 1918.
Thus in order for the Arabs to reclaim their past glories, they needed to expel the Turks from their midst. ”43 Of course, in Yaziji’s words, there is an unambiguous appeal to the Muslim majority to join with the Christians in their “Arab nationalism” and rise against the admittedly Muslim, yet ethnically distinct, Ottoman Turks. While slight variations in points of emphases, nuances, and ideological direction could be found in the writings of other Christian intellectuals of the period,44 the primary focus of these writers invariably was on the national distinctiveness of the Arabs, Muslims, and Christians alike, and their membership of one indivisible Arab nation that would ﬁnd its true expression and would fulﬁll its promise only through a secular and liberal nation-state.
Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair by Adeed Dawisha