By Kāvaśajī Dīnaśāhajī Kiash
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Extra resources for Ancient Persian Sculptures
But this type of appeal seems to have garnered only a limited response and soon fell into disuse. At the same time, Latin society underwent a fitful awakening to the idea that 'just wars' might encompass elements of sacred obligation or reward. The prominent role of Carolingian bishops in sponsoring, even directing, brutal campaigns to conquer and convert the pagans of eastern Europe helped stimulate the idea that warfare might have a pious goal. The Christianisation of Germanic 'barbarian' traditions also encouraged reverence for the martial qualities of the warrior class and the adoption of the ritual blessing of the weapons of war by the clergy.
Between the age of St Augustine and the council of Clermont, western Christendom gradually became acculturated to the concept of sanctified violence. This was an incremental, organic process, marked by sporadic episodes of theological experimentation, not a driven programme of linear development. Before the year 1000, the papacy occasionally dabbled in the rhetoric of holy war when facing significant threats. In the ninth century, two successive popes sought to rally military support by promising rather vaguely defined spiritual benefits - a 'heavenly reward' or 'eternal life' - to those who fought and died in defence of Rome.
No reproduction without permission. All rights reserved. The Free Press and colophon are trademarks of Simon & Schuster, Inc. The right of Thomas Asbridge to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988. uk A CIP catalogue for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN: 0-7432-2084-6 Typeset by M Rules Printed and bound in Great Britain by Cox & Wyman Ltd, Reading, Berks PICTURE CREDITS pp.
Ancient Persian Sculptures by Kāvaśajī Dīnaśāhajī Kiash