By Professor em. D. B. Sirdeshmukh, Professor L. Sirdeshmukh, Professor K. G. Subhadra (auth.)
The alkali halide crystals have consistently been on the centre level of solid-state physics. they've been "model crystals" for checking out many solid-state theories. In fresh many years, they've got additionally proved worthy in numerous purposes starting from X-ray monochromators to tunable lasers. due to this twin significance - either in basic terms medical and technological - an unlimited volume of knowledge has been generated on all points of the alkali halides. this knowledge has to this point been scattered all through a number of journals and reference assets. This guide brings jointly a variety of details at the experimentally made up our minds houses of the alkali halides. a few theoretically derived parameters have additionally been integrated. the entire very important literature from 1950 to 2000 has been surveyed. delivering in one quantity all crucial details at the actual houses of alkali halides, this booklet may be a worthwhile reference for solid-state physicists and fabrics scientists.
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Extra resources for Alkali Halides: A Handbook of Physical Properties
The R values lie on a vertical parabola about the ordinate at A =1, when plotted against the elastic anisotropy A = 2C44/(C 11 -Ct2); strongly anisotropic materials tend to have large R values. 4. 13]. 2. 27 Values of the Vicker's hardness Hv and Moh hardness HM Crystal Hv [GPa] Ref. 2 NaCI Structure LiF NaF NaCI NaBr Nal KCI KBr KI RbCI RbBr Rbl 2. 27 (Continued) Crystal Hv [GPa] Ref. 5 Notes and Comments 1. The older values of Hv are expressed in kg mm-2 . 806 x 10-3 to convert to GPa. 2. 58] ; there are no units for HM.
These calculated values have been found to agree well with several experimental results at various pressure and temperature ranges and hence these results are recommended for pressure calibration and for use ofNaCl as marker. 21 Values ofthe third-order elastic constants Cuk at 25 °C Crystal c112 eli I (10 II Pa(oriO 12 Cm C144 C166 C4s6 Ref. 05 Notes and Comments I. 36) where l/Jo is the internal energy of the undeformed crystal, V the unit cell volume, eijkt the second-order elastic constants, euktm 11 the third-order elastic constants (TOEC) and Eu the components of the strain tensor.
Note that Yiz is negative for the rubidium halides. 5. 1. 24 (seep. 42). Notes and Comments l. Experimental values of the independent fourth-order elastic constants are not available. These theoretical values will be useful as a check when experimental values become available. 2. 22 and the }'1/s calculated from these theoretical FOEC's. 3. A systematic variation is seen in each FOEC in the sequence F-Cl-Br-1 for each alkali halide group. 25 Values of the velocity of longitudinal waves ( Vp), velocity of shear waves ( Vs) and mean velocity ( V ); Ref.
Alkali Halides: A Handbook of Physical Properties by Professor em. D. B. Sirdeshmukh, Professor L. Sirdeshmukh, Professor K. G. Subhadra (auth.)