By Keith W. Waldron
Biorefineries are a necessary expertise in changing biomass into biofuels or different worthwhile fabrics. Advances in Biorefineries presents a accomplished review of biorefining processing suggestions and applied sciences and the biofuels and different fabrics produced. half one makes a speciality of tools of optimising the biorefining procedure and assessing its environmental and financial influence. It additionally appears at present and constructing applied sciences for generating value-added fabrics. half is going directly to discover those fabrics with a spotlight on biofuels and different worth further items. It considers the houses, barriers and sensible functions of those items and the way they are often used to satisfy the expanding call for for renewable and sustainable fuels instead to fossil fuels. Read more...
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Extra resources for Advances in biorefineries : biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
Wiley Series in Renewable Resources. John Wiley & Sons. , 2011. Membranes for advanced biofuels production. P. ), Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications. Elsevier (Imprint Woodhead Publishing Limited), Cambridge CB22 3HJ, UK, pp. 361e406. , 2009. Biofuels securing the planet’s future energy needs. Energy Conversion and Management 20, 2239e2249. , 2007. Producing and using bioethanol as an automotive fuel. Energy Sources Part B 2, 391e402.
In such cases, judicious selection of the appropriate BMR conﬁguration entails meticulous appraisal of the system’s hydrodynamics and an in-depth mechanistic insight into the reaction that is supposedly taking place in the membrane reactor (Basile, 2013; Giorno and Drioli, 2000). These problems can be mitigated, albeit partially, by resorting to novel module designs, such as the ones equipped with rotary disk or bafﬂes (Giorno and Drioli, 2000). , 2010). The BMRs thus offer noteworthy advantages over conventional reactor systems in terms of energy efﬁciency and cost reduction owing to the amalgamation of 18 Membrane Technologies for Bioreﬁning bioconversion and product recovery.
A Ca-Mg-Al hydrotalcite-coated ceramic membrane can catalyze the transesteriﬁcation reaction for biodiesel production. When potassium ﬂuoride (KF) is loaded onto this catalytic membrane, it can achieve a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), ie, biodiesel yield of 96% at a methanol:palm oil ratio of 12:1, 5% catalyst loading, and 3 h reaction time. , 2015). Li et al. (2011) studied 90% biodiesel conversion from soybean oil when lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was immobilized on a polyacrylonitrile nanoﬁbrous membrane and used as a catalyst for transesteriﬁcation.
Advances in biorefineries : biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron